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Some regions are at risk to go back into restrictions, for now all of Italy has been in the low-risk ‘white’ zone – the least restrictive of the country’s four tiers or zones: white, yellow, orange and red.  On Monday July 26th some cities risk going back to yellow zone restrictions as the Delta variant case rises “primarily hitting young people,” according to Gianni Rezza, director general at the ministry of health. The Delta variant is not slowing down and cases keep rising in different regions and risk going back into ‘yellow’ or ‘orange’ zones.

There have been 2,072 new cases of COVID-19 in Italy in the last 24 hours, health ministry said Monday July 19. The positivity rate is up from 1.9% to 2.3%.

Regions automatically move from the white to the slightly more restrictive yellow zone if they record more than 50 infections per 100 thousand inhabitants in a seven-day period for three weeks in a row.

Cities at risk are Sardegna (33,2), Sicily (31,8), Veneto (26,7), Lazio (24),and Campania (21,7).  The ‘R’ value was up to 0.91 from 0.66 last week, while the incidence was up to 19 cases per 1,000 inhabitants, from 11 last week. Italy’s average nationwide incidence rate is now 19 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, ISS data shows, with significant variation between regions.

However ISS president Silvio Brusaferro said that, for the moment, “the impact of the illness on hospital admissions remains minimal.”

The Minister of Health Roberto Speranza declared that hospitalizations will weigh on the change of colors for each region. The new parameters will be included in the law decree that is coming soon.

For information and updates visit the health ministry website in English.

 

An expat shares their story on our group on Facebook how they managed to get SPID without an Italian ID card (yes, that’s possible!).

This post is intended  for those who’d like to get a Spid but are unable to get one due to one of the following situations:

1. You do not possess a carta d’identità/ tessera sanitaria;

2. You have registered online for verification through poste italiane but they’ve rejected you because you don’t have an “Italian document”, while your friend or someone you know has done the same from the same office (I’ve been through this situation tbh).

Yes, it’s still possible to get a Spid id provided that you meet the following requirement: you are in possession of a valid Permesso di Soggiorno, codice fiscale, an Italian mobile number and a valid passport issued by your country. Now, you might be aware of various providers who offer spid (Aruba, Sielte, etc), the provider we’re discussing about here is “Poste italiane“. We are gonna be creating a “postepay evolution” account with Poste italiane to get a Spid id with them.

Postepay Evolution account creation:

1. Book an appointment with your nearest poste italiane through this link (search for your nearest poste italiane through the search bar on this page, once you see the office listed on the search result, click on “prenota ticket” and proceed to book a day and time of your choice). You’ll receive an e-mail with a QR code confirming your appointment;

2. On your appointment date, go to the posteitaliane with your valid Permesso di Soggiorno, Codice fiscale and passport;

3. Tell them you’d like to open a “Postepay Evolution” account;

4. They will enter your personal details in their system from your documents, you’d have to provide them your current address in Italy as well;

5. You’re presented with a couple of T&C forms, Privacy agreement forms etc which you’d to have to sign to authorize;

6. Pay them an amount of €20 cash (cards or other forms of payment are not accepted). Now in with this €20, they’ll deduct 12€ as the annual maintenance fees (€1 per month), 5€ as the commission for opening an account and the remaining €3 will in your account;

7. Once you’re done with all this, they’ll provide you two envelopes one in which you’ll have your ATM card and the other one carrying your PIN, a document containing your IBAN and an username to access the online services of posteitaliane.(You should have received the password for the same by now since you’ve registered your mobile number with them);

8. Now, that you have created a “Postepay Evolution” account with Posteitaliane, you can go back home and login to https://postepay.poste.it and enter your personal area to change your default password and set a new one. You’d also be able to see that you have a balance of 3€ in your account.

Now I think it’s safe to try the following steps after at least 2 hours the time you’ve created your account.

Spid Id registration:

1. Go to this link, select “Sms su cellulare certificato”;

2. Scroll down to see a section where you’d have to enter your posteid credentials (username and password);

3. After entering your details, hit proceed, you’d receive a code in your registered mobile number;

4. Enter the code and hit proceed;

5. Once you’re in, I believe the rest is self explanatory, you’re expected to read and verify your details and hit proceed again, within a minute or so you should see a screen confirming your spid is active;

6. You’d also receive a mail stating the same, you may proceed to download Poste id app enter your details and use it.

Note :

1. People in possession of a Pds which expired after 31st January 2020 would also be able to avail this service as the Italian government has extended the validity of those cards till September 2021;

2. People who are already in possession of a Posteitaliane account can skip the first part and proceed with the Spid registration.

Try this and email us in case you’d be needing help with any more details.

Previously, Legal help for Expats published this post on how to acquire Italian citizenship. If you’ve read it and realized that CITIZENSHIP AS A RESULT OF ITALIAN PARENTS/ANCESTORS (“ius sanguinis”) is your case, then here’s a complete instruction on how to proceed:


The procedure to apply for jure sanguinis citizenship can be carried out at the Italian Consulate of the foreign country where the applicant resides, or in Italy. 

(Art. 1, Law No. 91/1992)

​If the citizenship application process is filed in Italy, you might need to move to Italy for the duration of the procedure (in order to be available in case public administration requires it; as main duties related to the process are personal and cannot be delegated to third parties). Immediately after your arrival in Italy, you must declare your presence in the country (“dichiarazione di presenza”) at the Municipality where the procedure will be carried out indicating your residence address. Then you must appear in person before the  “Prefettura” on the fixed date in order to get paperwork checked.

Duration of citizenship recognition under administrative law is not predictable at all, since in 2018 the Italian Government has established that Public Administration has 4 years to decide on said requests.

The procedure

To apply for jure sanguinis citizenship the applicant must show that he/she has an Italian ascendant and that the citizenship chain has not been interrupted.

To this end, you must gather all the required documentation: birth, marriage and death certificates of all ascendants in the same line of kinship up to the applicant for citizenship; certificate stating “the absence of loss of Italian citizenship” by the Italian ascendant (e.g.: a letter from a State Public Department such as an Electoral Office or the National Naturalization Record stating that the ascendant never acquired the citizenship of the Country to which he/she emigrated, i.e. that has not lost Italian citizenship. The Electoral Office shall certify, for example, that the person never appeared on voting lists). Otherwise, if the Italian ascendant has lost Italian citizenship, the applicant must present certificates showing that citizenship was lost after the descendant’s birth, who has acquired the right to citizenship and continues with the citizenship chain.

Example of the right chain of transmission:

 – birth of ascendant A (Italian citizen)

– marriage of ascendant A with B

– birth of ascendant C (son of A + B)

– death of ascendant A

– marriage of ascendant C with D

– birth of ascendant E (son of C + D)

– death of ascendant C

– marriage of ascendant E with F

– etc. … following the chain up to the applicant for citizenship (you)

 

Each descendant must have been born before the death of his or her direct ascendant. 

It does not matter if at any point in his/her life ascendant A (only Italian citizen of the chain) has lost citizenship, what does matter is that his/her child (C) was born before the loss of citizenship of A.

All certificates issued by foreign Authorities must be legalized and translated by a sworn translator. Legalization is an administrative procedure by which validity is granted to a foreign official document, verifying the authenticity of the signature and the capacity of the signing authority (e.g.: in the case of the UK, USA, Spain or Argentina a document is legalized by apostille). This means that certificates must be legalized only in case they are issued by Official Organizations.

A common question is “does the Apostille expire?”

The Apostille does not have an expiration date, but it shall be valid as long as the document is valid. Birth, marriage or death certificates issued in Argentina and in Italy that are legalized, authorized and apostilled have no expiration date; certificates issued in Spain are valid for three months. Therefore, we suggest that you check with the registry of your own country, or even better, of the city or town where the citizenship process is carried out so as to avoid expired documentation.

Old certificates often present many errors (typos, names do not match perfectly, birth dates are not correct, etc.). As a result, doubts could arise about the identity of the person in question. In such cases you can request the corresponding Official Department to rectify the document or to issue a certificate stating that the identity of one person indicated in two different documents is the same.

The “1948” case

In the case of jure sanguinis citizenship by female ascendant, when one of the ascendants is a woman and her descendant was born before 1948, a trial must be initiated before the court with jurisdiction in Rome in order to carry out the necessary procedures.

In common language this is known as the “1948” case.

As widely well known, in 1948 the Italian Constitution established the principle of equal rights between men and women. As there are still legal gaps in some areas of the Italian legal system (including citizenship), a judge’s ruling is necessary for the Court to recognize citizenship.

The duration of the trial can last from 1 to 3 years.

A power of attorney is required to start the trial

In order to avoid any dispute that may delay and/or block a trial, when the applicant can’t sign the power of attorney in person before the lawyer in Italy, we recommend the issuance of a public deed. However, power to act can be granted by private instrument certified by a notary public. In this second case, as established by the Italian Supreme Court of Appeals (rulings nº 22559 of November 4, 2015; nº 12309 of May 25, 2007; n. Of May 5, 2006, etc.), the following is essential:

1) the power of attorney must be signed in the presence of a notary public;

2) the Notary public must have verified the identity of the parties;

3) points 1) and 2) must arise from the declaration of the notary public attached to the deed.

Minors must be represented by the child’s parent or legal guardian. You should check with the notary public in your country which formalities must be fulfilled in such a case.

FAQ:

– When in the same family line there are several descendants interested in obtaining citizenship, one single process (parental trial) can be initiated. Legal representation shall be collective and simultaneous and, as a result, costs shall be reduced.

– Always communicates all updates. However, all phases of the procedure can be followed using the smartphone app “Giustizia Civile”. The app allows checking all the ever-changing circumstances of the trial – except for the name of the parties and the lawyer due to privacy reasons.

– According to Italian law, a child under 18 years old who has already acquired citizenship automatically acquires citizenship if he/she lives permanently with the parent who has already acquired citizenship, even outside Italy (art. 14 law n. 91 / 1992). Proof of cohabitation must be presented together with the necessary documentation (for example, residence certificates).

ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP CAN BE ACQUIRED IN ONE OF THE FOLLOWING WAYS (Law No. 91/1992):

1) CITIZENSHIP AS A RESULT OF ITALIAN PARENTS/ANCESTORS (“ius sanguinis”)

A person acquires Italian citizenship when born the father, or mother are Italian citizens or whose ancestors (there are no limits of generations) are Italian citizens. Hence the principle of ius sanguinis – already enshrined in the previous legislation – is reaffirmed as a key principle for the acquisition of citizenship, while the ius soli remains an exceptional and residual case. Read more

2) CITIZENSHIP GRANTED TO PERSONS BORN ON ITALIAN SOIL  (“ius soli”)

Italian citizenship is granted to:

– the subjects born on Italian soil whose parents are unknown, stateless or cannot pass on their citizenship to their children according to the laws of the State of which they are citizens;

– the children of unknown parentage found abandoned on Italian soil, whose citizenship is impossible to ascertain.

3) ACQUISITION OF CITIZENSHIP WHEN MINORS

Law attaches particular importance to the acquisition of citizenship when minors as a result of:

– judicial ruling on  paternity / maternity (a minor who is recognized by an Italian citizen to be of Italian parentage or is declared to be of Italian parentage through a judiciary ruling on paternity / maternity;

– adoption;

– parent’ s naturalization (the minor children of those who acquire or reacquire Italian citizenship, when living together with them, shall acquire Italian citizenship, but, after coming of legal age, they can renounce it, if in possession of other citizenship).

 

4) ACQUISITION BY CLAIM (article 4 of Law No. 91/92)

– A person whose father, mother or whose ascendants are in a direct line of second degree born were Italians, can acquire citizenship by claim: a) if he/she serves in the military for the Italian State; b) if he/she works as a public employer for the Italian State, also abroad; c) if, at the age of 18, he/she has resided legally in Italy for at least two years.

– A person who is born in Italy and has resided legally in Italy without interruption until the age of 18 can become an Italian citizen upon request before the age of 19.

5) CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE TO AN ITALIAN CITIZEN OR BY CIVIL PARTNERSHIP 

The foreign spouse can acquire Italian citizenship upon request, if the following requirements are met:

– in Italy: two years of legal residence after marriage;

– abroad: three years after marriage.

These terms are halved, for example, if the subjects have children.

6) ACQUISITION BY RESIDENCE

As a general rule, for non-EU foreigners, legal residence on the territory of the Italian State for at least 10 years is required, but there are many cases for which the period of residence required is lower:

– 3 years of legal residence for the foreigners whose father, mother or any of the ascendants in a direct line of second degree were Italians by birth or for the foreigners born in Italy and residing there;

– 4 years for the citizen of an EU Member State;

– 5 years of legal residence following adoption for the foreigners of legal age, or following the recognition of status for stateless people or political refugees.

7) GRANTING OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP PURSUANT TO SPECIAL MERITS

To foreigners who rendered eminent services to Italy, or when there is an exceptional interest of the State. The starting of the procedure does not require an initiative of the subject concerned, but requires a proposal made by bodies, organizations, public personalities, associations, etc. proving a thorough assessment of the existence of the requirements established by law. 

8) GRANTING OF ITALIAN CITIZENSHIP PURSUANT TO SPECIAL LAWS (Law No. 379 of December 14, 2000)

The declaration designed to obtain Italian citizenship for the persons born and formerly living in the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire and their descendants, pursuant to Law 379/2000, could be made by December 20, 2010 to the Italian consular authorities, if the applicant was living abroad, or to the Civil Status Registrar of the Municipality, if the applicant was living in Italy.

Rome, June 9 –  An Expat in Rome share here story about getting vaccinated without SSN – Sistema sanitario nazionale in ONLY 2 steps!

It is easy and fast to get vaccinated, it reduces your risk of getting sick badly and it immensely reduces your risk to pass on the virus. You can get vaccinated without being enrolled in the SSN during the open days.

I was just vaccinated against Sars-CoV-2 and Covid-19 with AstraZeneca here in Rome. I have no subscription at the Italian healthcare system (SSN – Sistema sanitario nazionale).

Step 1: I booked my appointment using the app “Ufirst” for the open week.

Step 2: I went there, filled in the form, and got the jab. I had to put down my personal information, contact details and my fiscal code (codice fiscale), I wasn’t asked to show any documents.

To book the vaccine: You must first download the UFirst app  (just download the application available both on the App Store and on Google Play). Once logged in, you can then choose your city (Rome) and identify the vaccination center where you can set the appointment and time for the injection.

Who can be booked?  Those born from 2003 onwards, i.e. adults.

To all expats:  I know that people before me have asked and others have answered, but I wanted to share my experience with all of you in a post so it is easier to retrieve this information.

On Sunday May 30 – A Dutch man walked into a convenience store on Via Cavour without a mask around 10 pm and started drinking soft drinks on display. The cashier noticed that the tourist didn’t have intentions to pay, so he asked for help from the nearby police that patrol in the area for anti-nightlife checks.

The military, identified the Dutchman and ordered him to wear the anti Covid devices but he – in response – tried to remove the mask worn by the carabiniere, and then attacking him. Once restrained, he was taken to the barracks and arrested for resisting a public official and fined for not respecting the anti-contagion rules.

Translated from Roma Today

Fire & Ice: In Frascati all flavors exclusively enclosed in one tower. Breakfast, lunch, aperitivo and dinner is ready for you.  A perfect day trip from Rome to Frascati with Trenitalia (one-Way) €2.10. Walking distance from the train station.

An extraordinary location in the heart of Frascati, an establishment never seen before at the Castelli Romani. From sunrise to sunset, breathless views overlooking Rome, embedded in the medieval tower which, centuries ago, protected the entrance “Granara”, one of the city’s doorways.

Fire & Ice: the fire for the stoves that light up the Italian gourmet cuisine, from breakfast to dinner. Ice for the cocktail bar that has been quenching thirsts with over 20 years of experience. The aperitivo with a magnificent view should be on our bucket list of things to see and do in Italy.  A gastronomical selection that becomes an experience of flavors and a sense of appeasement also thanks to the beautiful atmosphere of the 450 square meters shared on two floors plus the outdoor veranda.

Almost a month since the inauguration, Fire & Ice is already a success in such short time due to the ability to amaze with the elegant yet easy going hospitality of its halls and the sophisticated ambience. “The creations, say the owners, are all artisanal: we produce most of what we offer to our clients, including the homemade bread.”

From the risotto to the lamb, from the paccheri with burrata to the beef tagliata, to a vast selection of homemade cakes. All this with a list of Italy’s best wines. Let’s not forget the sweet or savoury continental or American breakfast that can be enjoyed on the veranda.

Where the tastes end the pleasure of the unique location begins, where the pleasure of the ambience ends the flavors start playing with the palate. More than 20 years of experience of American bartending are at your service for a taste of delicious cocktails and distinguished spirits from all over the world.

For information and reservations: +39 389 190 3272 Frascati, Piazza Mazzini 6 

Fire & Ice are on Instagram @fireandice00044 and Facebook

Tom is sharing his story with other Expats Living in Italy how he successfully applied for the “Carta di Soggiorno” for his wife on March 19, 2021 in Florence!!

A “Carta di Soggiorno per Familiare di Cittadino Comunitario” is for spouses of Italian (or EU) citizens. It is better than a “Permesso di Soggiorno” because it lasts 5 years and then you can ask for a “Carta di Soggiorno Permanente” Here is some information which may help someone in the same or similar situation.

1. I'm an Italian citizen.

2. My wife is Mexican.

3. We rented the house remotely via email, and had a rental contract before we got here. Make sure that both of you are on the contract.

4. I applied for my cambio di residenza (from another comune), via email, 2 weeks before our move to Italy (I should have done it even sooner because it took 2 months, but I was afraid that they would visit the apartment too soon, but they did not).

5. We moved here on Jan 21st, 2021 from Tulum Mexico.

6. When we got to Florence, we called the questura (must be done within 8 days) and they told us to make an appointment through the CUPA Project (earliest was March 19).

7. NOTE: the CUPA project is no longer used in Florence. Currently you need to go to the questura in person Mon-Fri 7-9 AM to make an appointment.

8. In the meantime, I tried to get a codice fiscale for my wife, but because she doesn't have either a visa (not needed for her entry) or a stamp on her passport (our passports were never stamped because we drove into Italy), she can't get one.

9. I made 2 more unsuccessful attempts to get her codice fiscale and came to the realization that the only way would have been to lie and say that she was still in Mexico and show up with a delega.

10. I got an email from the anagrafe saying that they were starting to work on my cambio di residenza. Make a copy of this, it's important! 11. After about 2 months I got an email from the anagrafe saying that my cambio di residenza was essentially done. Make a copy of this, it's important!

12. Note that they don't issue a new carta d'identità or tessera sanitaria showing the new comune until your old one expires.

13. We showed up for our 9:30 "appointment" at the questura in Via della Fortezza 17. We had to wait outside until they called us and gave us a "G" number.

14. When our "D" number was called, they asked us for:

a. 4 photos.

b. 1 marca da bollo of 16 euro.

c. My wife's Mexican passport.

d. When she did not see an entry stamp on her passport, based on our experience with the codice fiscale, we gave her copies of our travel tickets and that seemed to work.

e. Copy of my wife's passport.

f. Marriage certificate. We had an estratto di certificato di matrimonio from Italy. Note: if the marriage certificate is foreign, it must be either multilingue or translated and apostilled.

g. My carta d'identita'.

h. Since my carta d'identita' is from a different comune, I had to show them a document from the comune of Firenze stating that I had applied and gotten a change of residency (apparently they don't issue new cards).

i. Proof of income (even though it is not listed as a requirement in their web site). We are retired, so I gave them a copy of my Social Security statement plus a letter from my investment company declaring our investment amount.

j. Stato di famiglia. We don't have one, but it didn't seem to matter. Maybe some of the other documents that she asked for were used instead.

k. Rental contract with my wife's name on it. (note: if the spouses name is not on it, then you need go to the questura and get this form filled out and signed: "COMUNICAZIONE DI OSPITLITA'/ALLOGGIO/ASSUNZIONE/CESSIONE DI IMMOBILE A STRANIERO/APOLIDE"

l. I signed a form that they gave us stating that I will support my wife financially m. I gave them a filled out copy of immigration modulo 209 and she kept it. She didn't act as if she needed it, but may web sites say that it's required. She did use it to copy my info like address etc.

n. My wife signed 2 forms that they gave her, one was a receipt, the other I didn't catch because I was filling out the support form.

o. My wife got her fingerprints taken at another counter, same visit.

15. We checked the poliziadistato.it web site and after 33 days it said that the carta do soggiorno was ready (note: this can vary from 1-8 months).

16. We went to the questura to ask for an appointment to pick up the carta di soggiorno. They gave us the carta di soggiorno instead of the appointment.

17. The carta di soggiorno included her codice fiscale.

18. We made an appointment by calling 055 545454 for her tessera sanitaria on 5/7/ 2021.

19. We gave them the following documents:

a. Copy of carta di soggiorno (front and back).

b. Filled out copy of "DOMANDA DI ISCRIZIONE AL S.S.N. DI CITTADINO DI PAESE NON FACENTE PARTE DELLA UNIONE EUROPEA".

c. Marriage certificate. We had an estratto di certificato di matrimonio from Italy. Note: if the marriage certificate is foreign, it must be either multilingue or translated and apostilled.

d. The document from the anagrafe stating that my cambio di residenza was essentially completed.

e. My wife's Mexican passport f. My wife's codice fiscale g. Our address in Florence h. My wife's phone number.

f. Name of the doctor that we chose.

g. My Italian passport.

h. My carta d'identita' (they didn't need it) They checked to make sure that the carta di soggiorno said "CARTA DI SOGGIORNO DI FAMILIARE DI UN CITTADINO DELL'UNIONE".

20. They gave us:

a. A copy of her tessera sanitaria (original will be mailed to us).

b. A document with our doctors name on it. (the doctor will want a copy of this).

Bottom line, we are happy and pleasantly surprised. We went with low expectations and achieved much more. They asked for more information than what they have listed on their website, but luckily we had it.  Bring copies of all documents. They keep a copy.Luckily they did not enforce the 3 month requirement and they did not ask us to come back in one month. Be patient and don't get upset, but be persistent. There were a couple of times in which just waiting like they told us would have caused delays from being in the wrong line or just ignored.

UPDATE 05/2021:  We got the carta di Soggiorno today, it's for 5 years from the date of entry into Italy. It took about 33 days for the website to report tat it was ready and 1 week to get an appointment with the questura to pick it up. The CUPA PROJECT is no longer used for appointments in Florence. They had a terrible system for appointments until today. It took us 9 hours, but the silver lining was that instead of getting an appointment to pick up the carta di soggiorno, they gave us the carta di soggiorno on the same day.

Stories like this one help others overcome obstacles and learn from experiences. Please send us an email and share your story today!

Email: info@expatslivinginrome.com

 

 

 

 

What is “Cassetto Fiscale” The “Cassetto fiscale” (tax drawer) is the service that allows you to consult your tax information, such as:

  Personal data
◊  Tax return data
  Refund data
◊  Data of payments made using model F24 and F23
  Register documents (balance sheet data)
  Data and information relating to sector studies and summary indicators of fiscal reliability (Isa)
◊  Information on your membership status in Vies.

How to access the service: To access the tax drawer, you must be registered with the Fisconline / Entratel telematic services of the Revenue Agency or have a SPID identity. The service is active every day, with the exception of a daily window for system maintenance, from 5.00 to 6.00.

VAT holders:  The holders of a VAT number can also generate a two-dimensional bar code (QR-Code) which contains the data relating to their VAT number and the telematic address possibly chosen for the receipt of electronic invoices: a “business card” to be print or show on smartphone, tablet or other device.

How to delegate an intermediary: The taxpayer can delegate the consultation of his tax drawer to the intermediaries referred to in art. 3, paragraph 3, of the Presidential Decree 322/1998, up to a maximum of two, in the following ways:

◊  Online, using the appropriate functionality, available for users registered with telematic services in the Fisconline / Entratel reserved area.
  In the office, presenting the proxy – pdf signed to any office of the Revenue Agency.
◊  By delivering the signed proxy – pdf, together with a copy of an identity document, to the intermediary, who will transmit the data to the Revenue Agency. The taxpayer will receive an activation code at his tax domicile to be delivered to the intermediary. In case of non-delivery of the activation code, after 15 days from the sending of the data by the professional, the delegator may request the activation of the delegation at a territorial office of the Agency, declaring the non-receipt of the activation code.

The taxpayer can revoke the proxy – pdf conferred, always in the same way.

Intermediaries authorized for the Entratel service can consult the data relating to their customers by signing a specific Regulation – pdf which governs the methods of using the service. The request for compliance with the regulation and the communication of data relating to the proxies of its customers must be made through the specific functions available in the Entratel service.

The taxpayer who does not intend to go personally to the office can be represented by a person in charge according to the provisions of article 63 of the Presidential Decree n. 600/1973.

Email: legal@expatslivinginrome.com

 

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